Located on the banks of the River Ganga, Varanasi or Benares as its called is the most sacred city according to Hindu mythology. Pilgrims from all over the world descend here in search of knowledge and truth. Evening prayer ceremonies, known as the Aarti, takes place here every evening and is a ritual which people attend and witness and partake in hope of being cleansed of their sins. This takes place on the ghats of the river. There are many centres of knowledge and learning in this city. Yoga is also taught here. An early morning boat ride here helps you witness and understand the daily rituals of a Hindu household. Closely is Sarnath, where Buddha after attaining enlightenment came here first to give his first sermon.